In 1562, Jean Ribault, the French " naval officer,navigator,and colonizer" discovered the St. Johns River and claimed the surrounding land for France. This claim brought about a struggle between imperial Spain and France for control and dominance of the New World. Two years later in 1564, Rene de Laudonniere, Ribault's second in command and a colonist, established the settlement at Fort Caroline, creating a foothold in Florida for France and setting a course for a confrontation with the Spanish in St. Augustine. With de Laudonniere on the 1564 expedition, was Jacques Le Moyne, an artist and the expedition's official mapmaker. During the course of his stay at the new French settlement, Le Moyne made several drawings and watercolors depicting in an imagina tive and romantic manner the life and culture of Florida natives, including the Timucua.
The French continued to strengthen their position around Fort Caroline, maintaining friendly relations with the local Indian tribes with some success and failure. In 1565 Pedro de Menendez established St. Augustine for the Spanish and set out to destroy the French presence in the New World. Fort Caroline was attacked by the Spanish, the fort was overwhelmed and Le Moyne was one of the few French who survived and escaped. His drawings of native life in the New World were later made into engravings and published in 1591 by Flemish engraver and publisher Theodor De Bry.
The Ansbacher Map Collection has a small collection of the Le Moyne/De Bry engravings located in the fourth-floor gallery in the Special Collections department. The engravings have been assigned numbers starting with number 1 (closest to the entrance on the left as you enter) and ending with number 45 (on the right as you exit the gallery).
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Post from RICOH THETA. #theta360 - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA
Nueva Hispania Tabula Nova
Floridae promontorium ad quod Galliappellunt Gallicum ab illis nuncupatum
Sex alia flumina a` Gallis observata
The French left in Charlesfort suffer from a scarcity of provisions
The Natives of Florida worship the column erected by the commander on his first voyage
Picture of Fort Carolina [Fort Caroline]
Ceremonies performed by Saturioua before going on an expedition against the enemy
Outina, going at the head of his army against the enemy, consults a sorcerer on the event
Outina, with the help of the French, gains a victory over his enemy Potanou
Order of march observed by Outina on a military expedition
How Outina's men treated the slain of the enemy
Trophies and ceremonies after a victory
Employments of hermaphrodites
The chief applied to by women whose husbands have died in war or by disease.
Ceremonies of women mourning for their deceased husbands
Mode of treating the sick
Mode of tilling and planting
Industry of the Floridians in depositing their crops in the public granary
Bringing in wild animals, fish, and other stores
Mode of drying fish, wild animals, and other provisions
Killing crocodiles (probably alligators)
Floridians crossing over to an island to take their pleasure
The captain of the French raises a column bearing the arms of the king of France
Leaving the River of May, the French discover two other rivers
Attack on the Spanish Fort San Mateo
Gallorum ad Maij flumen navigatio
Proceedings of the Floridians in deliberating on important affairs (A council of state)
Construction of fortified towns among the Floridians
How they set on fire an enemy's town.
How sentinels are punished for sleeping at their posts
First-born children sacrificed to the chief with solemn ceremonies
Solemnities at consecrating the skin of a stag to the sun
The youth at their exercises.
The display with which a queen elect is brought to the king.
Solemnities at the reception of the queen by the king.
Recreational walks of the King and Queen.
Ceremonies (burial) at the death of a chief or of priests.
Mode of collecting gold in streams running from the Apalatcy Mountains
Murder of Pierre Gambré, a Frenchman