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Kids & Teens

Home Activities: Birth to 2 years

Birth to 8 months

Listening & Understanding: Responds to frequently heard sounds and words

Communicating & Speaking: Uses a variety of sounds and movements to communicate

Early Reading: Shows enjoyment of the sounds and rhythms of language

Early Writing: Develops eye-hand coordination and more intentional hand control

Literacy Activities to Support Development 1

  • Talk, sing, read, and play with your baby.

  • Have your child sit in your lap while you clap your hands to a rhyme, show the basic movements to favorite fingerplays like Itsy-Bitsy Spider, and read from sturdy board books.

  • Select books that are short in length with vivid illustrations and photographs.

  • Point to and label things you see in your environment “Oh look at the brown dog.”

8 to 18 months

Listening & Understanding: Shows increased understanding of gestures and words

Communicating & Speaking: Uses consistent sounds, gestures, and some words to communicate

Early Reading: Builds and uses vocabulary with language, pictures, and books

Early Writing: Uses tools to make scribbles, and repeats actions that symbolize ideas

Literacy Activities to Support Development 1

  • Talk, sing, read, and play with your baby.

  • Keep in mind your child may not sit through an entire book, since they are now moving!

  • You can always start a book and then come back to it later, or even continue reading while your child plays in the immediate area. You may not think they are listening…but they are!

  • Let your child hold the book, and ask them to point to pictures of things you see “Where is the cow? Can you show me?”

18 to 24 months

Listening & Understanding: Gains meaning through listening

Communicating & Speaking: Uses a number of words and uses words together, and tries to take part in conversations

Early Reading: Learns that pictures represent real objects, events, and ideas (stories), show motivation to “read”

Early Writing: Makes purposeful marks on paper, and uses play to imitate familiar routines (beginning story telling)

Literacy Activities to Support Development 1

  • That’s right. Keep talking, singing, reading, and playing with your child.

  • When reading familiar stories, ask your child what is happening, and have them point to and name familiar objects on the page.

  • Toddlers still have limited attention spans, so make the book come to life by adding movement.

  • Clap a rhythm to the beat of the story, make the sounds of the animals or machines, jump when the frog jumps, use your fingers or blocks to count or keep track of objects in the book, etc.

  • Also connect books to everyday experiences: visit the zoo = read animal books.

Jacksonville Public Library