Plate XXXII. Punishments Inflicted on Negligent Sentinels
But when the burning of a town has happened in consequence of the negligence of the watch, the penalty is as follows: The chief takes his place alone on his bench, those next to him in authority being seated on another long bench curved in a half circle; and the executioner orders the culprit to kneel down before the chief. He then sets his left foot on the delinquent’s back; and taking in both hands a club of ebony or some other hard wood worked to an edge at the sides, he strikes him on the head with it so severely as almost to split the skull open. The same penalty is inflicted for some other crime reckoned capital among them; for we saw two persons punished in this same way.
Jacksonville Public Library